Biography of Max Hunter
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Maxwell W. Hunter has been in aircraft, missiles and space activities for over 50 years since graduating from MIT in 1944.  For over 30 years with the Rita single stage nuclear rocket at Douglas in 1959, with the StarClipper expendable tank design at Lockheed in 1966 and the X-Rocket single stage to orbit at Lockheed in 1985, he has continually pursued single stage designs and aircraft-like operations as the keys to vastly improved, economical space transportation.

In July of 1989, in order to better pursue the quest for superior space transportation, he became a founder and President/CEO of SpaceGuild, Inc.  He was instrumental in starting the SDIO Single-Stage-To-Orbit program in 1990 and worked closely with McDonnell Douglas Delta Clipper team.  The Delta Clipper DC-X first flew on August 18, 1993 at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.

He was with the Douglas Aircraft Company for 18 years from 1944 to 1961.  He was responsible for the aerodynamic design of Nike-Ajax and Hercules, Sparrows I, II and III, Honest John and other missiles. He was later, as Chief Missiles Design Engineer, responsible for the design of Thor, Nike-Zeus, and others, and as Chief Engineer of Space Systems, for the engineering of all Douglas space efforts, including the Delta, the Saturn S-IV stage, and others.

In 1962, he joined the professional staff of the National Aeronautics and Space Council in Washington, D.C.  As part of this advisory group to the President of the United States, he provided insight into future space programs and the creation of National Space Policy.  While there, he was the first to recognize the strong effect of Jupiter's gravity on planetary probe vehicles and was instrumental in opening the outer solar system by supplementing rocket performance with planetary gravitational impulse.

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He was with the Lockheed Missiles and Space Company for 22 years from 1965 to 1987.  He was responsible for the design of the Advanced Space Transportation Vehicles StarClipper and Shuttle, and originated the concept of using large expendable tanks in shuttle design.  He was program manager of the Hubble Space Telescope during the creation phase of the design.  He did extensive work on the defensive applications of high energy lasers and originated the Space Battle Station concept.

He has authored over five dozen technical papers.  Their subject matter has included the unmanned exploration of the solar system and the economics of manned space transportation, the latter dealing with both the utilization of advanced nuclear rockets and the use of chemical rockets and expendable tanks in space shuttles.  He has also authored "Are Technological Upheavals Inevitable?," published in the Harvard Business Review, and a rocket propulsion textbook titled, "Thrust Into Space."

Mr. Hunter graduated from Hollidaysburg High School, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania in 1939.  He received an A.B. degree in Physics and Mathematics from Washington and Jefferson College in 1942, and an M.S. degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1944.  He attended the Advanced Management Program of the Harvard Business School in 1967.

He is Phi Beta Kappa, Tau Beta Pi, and a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, American Astronautical Society, and British Interplanetary Society.  He is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics and an honorary member of the Japanese Rocket Society.  In 1982, he received the NASA Public Service medal for "the definition and promotion of the space shuttle and its utilization."  In 1995, he received the Werhner von Braun Memorial Award of the National Space Society for "lifelong contributions to the fields of rockets, missiles and spaceflight."

Max Hunter passed away in November 2001 at Stanford Hospital.
 
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